SMTA International Conference Proceedings


How Does Printed Solder Paste Volume Affect Solder Joint Reliability?

Authors: Tony Lentz, Jasbir Bath and N. Pavithiran
Company: FCT Assembly, Bath Consultancy, LLC and Nihon Superior
Date Published: 10/14/2018   Conference: SMTA International


Abstract: Printing of solder paste and stencil technology has been well studied and many papers have been presented on the topic. Very few studies have looked at how solder paste volume affects solder joint reliability. It is the aim of this work to correlate printed solder paste volume to solder joint reliability.

The circuit board chosen for this work includes a variety of component sizes and types. The components tested are as follows: 0402, 0603, 0805, and 1206 Imperial chip components (1005, 1608, 2012, 3216 metric); PLCC; SOT, and SOIC leaded components. In an effort to determine the lower limit of acceptable solder paste volume, printed volumes were varied between 25 and 125% of nominal. Solder joint quality was assessed using IPC-A-610 standard methods and cross-sectional analysis. Solder joint strength was measured using shear and pull tests. Thermal cycling between -40 ºC and 125 ºC was done for 1000 cycles and solder joint quality and strength was measured again.

In summary, the solder joint reliability data was correlated to printed solder paste volume. This was done in an effort to establish basic guidelines for the printed solder paste volumes required to generate reliable solder joints.

Key Words: 

solder paste volume, solder joint reliability, stencil design, solder joint inspection



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