SMTA International Conference Proceedings

QFN Design Considerations to Improve Cleaning a Follow On Study

Authors: Mike Bixenman, D.B.A., Dale Lee, Bill Vuono, and Steve Stach
Company: Kyzen Corporation, Plexus Corporation, TriQuint Semiconductor, and Austin American Technology
Date Published: 9/28/2014   Conference: SMTA International

Abstract: The data findings from the QFN Design Considerations to Improve Cleaning presented at SMTAI 2013 found that the level of flux residue is less and cleaning improves from open spaces under the bottom termination, higher component clearance, and the ability for air to flow and exhaust during reflow. The data conclusively found that when flux volatiles outgas and escape from under the component during reflow, flux residue volatile ingredients exhaust with the remaining residue forming around the solder joints. This opens up flow channels to allow the cleaning fluid to penetrate, wet and dissolve remaining residues.

The 2013 research paper studied different ground pad designs with the addition of via holes within the ground pad penetrating to the back side of the board. The via holes allowed flux volatile ingredients to outgas and escape during reflow and for some of the flux residue to drain to the back side of the board. The level of flux residue under the bottom termination reduced upwards to 80% less residue within the streets and around pads.

The purpose of the follow on research is to place non-plated via holes within the QFN streets four quadrants. Learning from the 2013 research data findings, the research hypothesis for this study predicts that the non-plated via holes will allow to air to penetrate and exhaust during reflow resulting in less residue under the bottom termination. The major benefit is that less residue prevents flux bridging. With an open flow channel under the component, cleaning fluids penetrate at a faster rate, which allows for reduced cleaning time and more consistent cleaning.

Key Words: 

QFN, MLF, LPCC, QLP, HVQFN, LCC, Electronic Assembly Cleaning, Flux Residue, Electrochemical Migration

Members download articles for free:

Not a member yet?

What else do you get when you join SMTA? Read about all of the benefits that go along with membership.

Notice: Sharing of articles is restricted to just your immediate work group. Downloaded papers should not be stored on an external network or shared on the internet.


SMTA Headquarters
6600 City West Parkway, Suite 300
Eden Prairie, MN 55344 USA

Phone +1 952.920.7682
Fax +1 952.926.1819