Recalling the Lead-Free Manhattan ProjectAuthors: Anthony J. Rafanelli, Linda Woody
Company: Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems and Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control
Date Published: 9/28/2014 Conference: SMTA International
Subsequently, as the cost to execute the project was, understandably high and in response to several industry and government inquiries, a special task team, sponsored by the IPC Pb-free Electronics Risk Mitigation (PERM) Council, was stood up in 2012 with a charter to identify priority research areas to help close the knowledge gaps regarding impact and risks associated with the implementation of Pbfree materials in high-performance, i.e. A&D, electronics. The priorities were based on the output of the LFMP. The white paper was released in February 2014. An applicationbased strategy was employed and, as a result, five platform categories were identified in assessing priorities. Those platforms were avionics, ground-based systems, missiles, space systems, and submarine-sea systems. A panel of platform subject-matter-experts, from within the PERM Council, was stood up and their subsequent review of performance and service conditions disclosed that the following four areas should be given attention based on their significant influence and control by service and environmental conditions (in addition to supply chain practices which are beyond the scope of this paper): - Tin whisker failure modes - Tin whisker risk mitigation - Complex systems logistics - Pb-free interconnections (e.g. solder joints) including reliability models, effects and assembly qualification
Despite this prioritization, some preliminary effort would be required to re-plan the tasks as these were part of an integrated planning approach used in the original LFMP. Subsequently, the impact of performing these as stand-alone tasks would need to be assessed. This paper will briefly re-visit the “mission” of the Lead-Free Manhattan Project and provide some detail on the generation of this prioritized list.
lead-free electronics, Pb-free electronics.
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