Fracture Of Lead-Free Solder Joints As A Function Of Strain Rate, Local End Geometry And Thickness
Authors: Amir Nourani and Jan K. Spelt Company: University of Toronto Date Published: 5/14/2013
ICSR (Soldering and Reliability)
Abstract: The fracture of SAC305 solder was investigated as a function of strain rate using Cu-solder-Cu double cantilever beam (DCB) specimens joined with a series of 2 mm long discrete solder joints of 150 m thickness. The joints were then fractured with various strain rates under mode I and mixed-mode loading conditions. The failure of each joint in the DCB was accompanied by a sharp drop in the applied load. These maximum loads were used to calculate the initiation critical strain energy release rate, Gci, of the solder joints using a finite element model. The results showed a substantial increase of about 75% in the solder joint fracture toughness at strain rates of 0.05 to 1 s-1 compared to that under quasi-static loading conditions. This trend suggests that the solder Gci increases rapidly with strain rate whereas the Gci of the IMC is relatively independent of strain rate. Negligible changes in Gci were measured when the solder joint thickness was increased to 400 m. The dependence of crack initiation on the local shape of the solder joint at its end was investigated by fabricating the 2 mm long joints with either a square end (using Kapton tape) or a rounded end (using an embedded wire). Interestingly, these two local geometries produced almost identical values of Gci, suggesting that initiation was not a strong function of the shape of the solder joint.
solder joint, strain rate, fracture test, strain energy release rate