High Temperature Lead-Free Solder Joints Via Mixed Powder System
Authors: HongWen Zhang and Ning-Cheng Lee Company: Indium Corporation Date Published: 10/16/2011
Abstract: Although lead free soldering has been the main stream of industry since 2006, with the replacement of eutectic SnPb system by SnAgCu system, the development of drop-in lead-free alternatives for high melting high lead solder alloys is still far from mature. BiAg alloy exhibits acceptable bulk strength but very poor ductility and wetting, therefore is not acceptable as an option. In current work, a mixed powder BiAgX solder paste system has been developed as a viable alternative high temperature lead free solder. The metal powder in the paste is composed of a high melting first alloy powder as majority and the additive powder as minority. The additive contains a reactive element to react with various metallization surface finishes. The additive will melt and react on the parts before or together with the melting of the majority solder. The reactive element in the additive is designed to be converted completely into IMCs during the reflow process, hence results in a high melting solder joint. In the mixed powder paste system, a melting temperature above 260°C was verified by both DSC and TMA data. The mixed powder solders show a significantly improved wetting comparing to Bi11Ag. The voiding and TCT performance are comparable with high lead solders. The IMC layer thickness of the mixed powder system is insensitive toward thermal aging at 175°C while the high lead ones do show a considerable increase.