THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING WORKFORCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY
Authors: Robert A. Kavetsky, et al. Company: Energetics Technology Center, University of Maryland, Department of Navy Date Published: 1/24/2008
Pan Pacific Symposium
Abstract: This article identifies concerns about the U.S. defense industry’s difficulty in maintaining the level of skilled labor force necessary to sustain it in all phases of science and technology, from research and development to design and manufacturing, required to support the country's economic and military needs. The challenges cited include a national shortage in technologically prepared workers; the inherent national security risks in the increasing number of foreign graduates with advanced technological degrees; the degree of outsourcing to the defense industry; a reduction in partnerships between academia and the government's defense programs; declining resources; ill-advised personnel reductions and private industry's focus on immediate and short range financial interests. The above-mentioned concerns will require government, military and defense industry leaders to consider new approaches to secure and maintain the necessary talent in order to support the technology required to ensure economic and national security.
Key words: science and engineering workforce, national security, defense S&T