WAFER LEVEL PACKAGE USING PRE-APPLIED ANISOTROPIC CONDUCTIVE FILMS (ACFS) FOR FLIP-CHIP ASSEMBLY
Authors: Kyung-Wook Paik, Ho-Young Son, and Chang-Kyu Chung Company: Department of Materials Science and Engineering Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Date Published: 1/31/2007
Pan Pacific Symposium
Abstract: Wafer level package (WLP) is one of the promising packaging technologies due to its advantages such as fewer processing steps, lower cost, and enhanced device performance compared to conventional single chip packaging. Many reports on new WLP design, material and process have been accomplished according to performance and reliability requirement of the devices to be packaged [1, 2]. For, anisotropic conductive films (ACFs) flip chip assembly has been widely used for flat panel display (FPD) and general semiconductor packaging applications because of lower cost, higher performance and environmentally green packaging process. However, there has been no previous attempt on the wafer level flip chip assembly using ACFs. In this study, wafer level flip chip packages using pre-applied ACFs (denoted as ACF-WLPs) were investigated. After ACF pre-lamination on an electroplated Au bumped wafer, and subsequent singulation, and singulated chips were flip-chip assembled on an organic substrate using a thermo-compression bonding method. Au plated bumps were well assembled on Ni/Au pads of organic substrates. The electrical, mechanical properties and the reliabilities of ACF-WLPs were evaluated and compared with conventional ACF flip chip assemblies using thermo-compression method. Contact resistance measurement was performed after under thermal cycling, high temperature/humidity, and pressure cooker test. ACF joints between electroplated Au bumps and substrate metal pads showed stable contact resistance of 5m? per a bump, strong bump adhesion, and similar reliability behaviors compared with conventional ACF flip chip joints using a thermo-compression bonding. As a summary, new ACF-WLPs were successively demonstrated for flip chip assembly, and ACF-WLPs can be widely used for many flip chip assembly appliations such as COB (Chip-on-Board), COF (Chip-on-Flex) and COG (Chip-on-Glass).